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Who can start a public limited company?


Public Limited Company truncated as PLC is the business element which offers its portions to general society or whose protections are exchanged the financial exchange. Such organizations gain admittance to generous capital through the public issue of offers. Least three Directors, seven investors and an enlisted office are needed to join a Public Limited Company in India. In a Public Limited Company, the individuals need to follow severe compliances when contrasted with a Private Limited Company. Assuming you likewise need to begin a Public Limited Company, then, at that point, you have arrived on the right stage. This snippet of data will give thorough information about the method, qualification, records needed for Public Limited Company Registration.

Key Characteristics of Public Limited Company

These are some crucial qualities of a Public Limited Company which plainly characterizes the idea of this plan of action:

Limited Liability: All the individuals or investors of a Public Limited Company needs to bear a limited obligation. It suggests that assuming an organization brings about misfortunes under any conditions, its investors are responsible to pay the obligations in correspondence to the ostensible worth of their portions.

All out Number of Members: It requires at least 7 individuals to build up a Public Limited Company in India. There is no restriction on the greatest number of individuals under the arrangements of Companies Act, 2013.

Minimum Paid-up Capital: A Public Limited Company should have a base Paid-Up Capital of INR 5,00,000 or a higher sum which is revised now and again.

Organization Name: It is vital for add “Ltd” in the postfix of each Public Limited organization’s name.

Unending Succession: Public Limited Companies are discrete lawful elements from their individuals. PLCs continue to exist according to the law regardless of death, liquidation, craziness or bankruptcy of its individuals. It brings about the unending progression of the organization.

Documents Required for Public LTD Company

Documentation assumes an essential part in the Registration process of a Public Limited Company. Attach these new and substantial records with your application:

Two identification measured photos of Directors

ID verification of the Directors and investors

PAN Card of every Director and investor

Residential evidence of the proposed office (Water Bill, Utility Bill, Rental Agreement and so forth)

NOC (No Objection Certificate) from the landowner where the workplace is arranged

DIN and DSC, everything being equal,

Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Article of Association (AOA)

Public Limited Company Registration Procedure

Follow the straightforward advances given underneath to register a Public Limited Company online in India:

Secure DSC and DIN: To fill the organization joining structure on the authority MCA gateway, the candidate should initially get DSC followed by continues for DIN application.

Name Approval: The following stage is to secure name endorsement by applying in e-Form RUN and actually look at the name’s accessibility. At this stage, an organization can propose two names alongside the endorsed charges of some amount.

Filling Incorporation Form: Now top off one single application in Form SPICE 32 for the consolidation of Public organization and append every one of the essential documents.

PAN, TAN and Bank Account Application: Once the new Public Limited Company acquires Certificate of Incorporation, one can apply for PAN and TAN and Bank Account opening.

Pros and Cons of Public Limited Company Registration

Prior to undertaking an undertaking, one should catch the advantages and difficulties identified with it. Along these lines, it is judicious to comprehend both the advantages and disadvantages of having a Public Limited Company in India.

Benefits of Public Limited Company

Here are the advantages that a Public Limited Company profits through Registration:

Raise Capital by Public Issue of Shares: A Public Limited Company can rapidly raise capital through the issue of offers to the general population. In this way it can aggregate an enormous amount of cash than a Private Limited Company.

Extra Sources of Finance: Being recorded on a perceived stock trade assists Public Limited Companies with extending their monetary chances. Banks or other monetary foundations generally volunteer to work with Public Limited Companies as far as advance/credit administrations. In addition, PLCs can even arrange great financing costs and conditions for reimbursement of advances.

Simple Transfer of Shares: The portions of Public Limited Companies are effectively adaptable. As the load of a PLC is cited on the stock trade, it will in general draw in more possible investors.

Fast Growth of Business: Since a Public Limited Company has satisfactory capital; it can consistently run business tasks and adjust the most recent advancement methods for additional development.

Difficulties looked by a Public Limited Company

Following are the potential difficulties that individuals from a Public Limited Company might confront:

Different Statutory Regulations: Unlike the case with Private Limited Company, there are different legitimate and administrative standards in a Public Limited Company. It is an overwhelming undertaking to register as a Public Limited Company in India without proficient help as one needs to meet a few compliances.

Specification to Maintain Transparency: All PLCs need to unveil point by point data of their business tasks and execution, which then, at that point, gets flowed to general society. Such organizations can’t conceal anything; even their records frequently get more media inclusion.

Powerless against Hostile Takeovers: If an enormous number of investors consent to a bid, there are chances of the Hostile takeover of a Public Limited Company.

Higher Financial Commitment: The development cost of a PLC is a lot higher as a result of perplexing Registration requirements.

Qualification Criteria for Public Limited Company

Following is the list of essentials that an individual should satisfy prior to applying for Public Limited Company Registration:

Exceptional Company’s Name: It is fundamental to guarantee that your organization’s name doesn’t look like some other existing Public Limited Company. Consequently, you should approve the Trademark Registration to guarantee that the name of your organization is exceptional.

Capital Requirement: A base INR 5Lakh is needed to begin a Public Limited Company in India.

Chief Residency: One among the two overseers of a PLC should be an occupant of India. It implies that a Director probably remained in India for no less than 182 days during the past monetary year paying little mind to its citizenship.

No less than Seven Shareholders: For Public Limited Company Registration, an organization should have something like seven individuals, who will go about as the organization’s investors. Additionally, there is no greatest breaking point on the all-out number of investors; a PLC can’t surpass the constraint of 15 Directors.


Public Limited Company is without a doubt a productive plan of action from which one can yield different advantages. In any case, stringently stick to the compliances under Companies Act, 2013 to support the business in future. Any person with sound mind and above 18 years of age can start Public limited company.